Carl Friedrich Deiker, son of drawing teacher Christian Friedrich Deiker, became a student at the State Drawing Academy in Hanau and began under the Director Theodore Pelissier (1794-1863) his artistic studies, he continued his studies at the Baden Grand Ducal Art School in 1858 with the landscape painter Johann Wilhelm Schirmer in Karlsruhe. Deiker also received lessons and inspiration from his brother Johannes Deiker.
Like his brother, Carl Friedrich Deiker specialized in depicting animal and hunting motifs. From 1864 until his death he lived in Düsseldorf. He liked to paint big game and wild boar and liked to portray deer fights, fleeing big game. Due to his dramatic descriptions of the hunt and his connection to the painting of the Rubens School , he is considered an important source of inspiration for animal painting at the Düsseldorf School.